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Ridge Ave Roxborough Historic District

Conclusion and Bibliography


The Ridge Avenue Roxborough  Thematic Historic District satisfies four Criteria for Designation (a,  c, d, and j) as delineated in Section 14-1004(4) of the Philadelphia  Code, the City’s historic preservation ordinance. Paraphrasing the  criteria, the Ridge Avenue Roxborough Thematic Historic District:

  • (a) Has  significant character, interest and value as part of the development,  heritage and cultural characteristics of the City, Commonwealth and  Nation and is associated with the lives of persons significant in the  past;

  • (c) Reflects the environment in an era characterized by distinctive architectural styles;

  • (d) Embodies distinguishing characteristics of architectural styles and engineering specimens; and,

  • (j) Exemplifies the cultural, political, economic, social and historical heritage of the community.

The Ridge Avenue Roxborough  Thematic Historic District warrants the Philadelphia Historical  Commission’s designation, protection, and preservation.


1. William Bucke Campbell, “Old Towns and Districts of Philadelphia,” Philadelphia History, City History Society of Philadelphia, 1942, vol. IV, no. 5. 

2. David R. Contosta and Carol Franklin, Metropolitan Paradise: The Struggle for Nature in the City -Philadelphia's Wissahickon Valley, 1620-2020 (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2010).

3. Emily  Cooperman and Claire G. Schmieder, “Historic Context Statement for  Neighborhood Cluster 2,” prepared for the Preservation Alliance for  Greater Philadelphia, 2009.

4. John Daly and Allen Weinberg, Genealogy of Philadelphia County Subdivisions (Philadelphia: City of Philadelphia, Department of Records, 1966).

5. Deborah Del Collo, Roxborough (Charleston, S.C: Arcadia Pub, 2011).

6. Richard S. Dunn and Mary Maples Dunn, eds., The Papers of William Penn, Volume 2: 1680-1684 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982).

7. Franklin Davenport Edmunds, The Public School Buildings of the City of Philadelphia (Philadelphia: 1913).

8. William Henry Egle, ed., Proprietary, Supply, and State Tax Lists of the City and County of Philadelphia for the Years 1769, 1774, and 1779 (Harrisburg: State Printer of Pennsylvania, 1897).

9. John Fanning Watson and Willis Pope Hazard, Annals  of Philadelphia, and Pennsylvania in the Olden Time: or, Memoirs,  Anecdotes, and Incidents of Philadelphia and Its Inhabitants from the  Days of the Founders (Philadelphia: E.S. Stuart, 1899).

10. Emerson Fite, Social and Industrial Conditions in the North during the Civil War (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1910).

11. James Green, The Rittenhouse Mill and the Beginnings of Papermaking in America (Philadelphia: The Library Company of Philadelphia and Friends of Historic RittenhouseTown, 1990).

12. Charles Edward Hall, The Geology of Philadelphia County and of the Southern Parts of Montgomery and Bucks (Harrisburg: The Board of Commissioners for the Second Geological Survey, 1881).

13. Donald C. Jackson, “Turnpikes in Southeastern Pennsylvania,” in Judith A. McGaw, ed., Early American Technology: Making and Doing Things From the Colonial Era to 1850 (Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1994).

14. Horatio G. Jones, The  American Historical Record, and Repertory of Notes and Queries  Concerning the History and Antiquities of America and the Biography of  Americans, vol. 2 (Philadelphia: Samuel P. Town, 1873).

15. Horatio G. Jones and James W. Willmarth, Centennial Memorial: History of the Roxborough Baptist Church of Philadelphia (Philadelphia: Printed for the church by the National Baptist Association, 1890).

16. Horatio Gates Jones, The Levering Family; or, a Genealogical Account of Wigard Levering and Gerhard Levering (Philadelphia: King & Baird, 1858).

17. John C. Manton, Bygones: A Guide to Historic Roxborough-Manayunk (Philadelphia, PA: 1990).

18. John C. Manton, A Splendid Legacy: St. Timothy's, Roxborough, 1859-1984 (Philadelphia, PA: St. Timothy's Church, Roxborough, 1984).

19. John C. Manton, Victorian Roxborough: An Architectural History (Philadelphia, PA: 1983).

20. Virginia & Lee McAlester, A Field Guide to American Houses (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993).

21. Nick Meyers, Milestones in History, 1690-1990: Roxborough, Manayunk, Wissahickon, Andorra (Philadelphia, PA: Roxborough-Manayunk-Wissahickon Historical Society, 1990).

22. Joseph Minardi, Historic Architecture in Philadelphia: East Falls, Manayunk, and Roxborough (Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 2014).

23. Joseph S. Miles and William H. Cooper, A Historical Sketch of Roxborough, Manayunk, Wissahickon (Philadelphia: G. Fein & Co., 1940).

24. Kate Hamilton Osborne, An  Historical and Genealogical Account of Andrew Robeson of Scotland, New  Jersey and Pennsylvania, and of his Descendants from 1653 to 1916 (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1916).

25. Jacob Cox Parsons, ed., Extracts from the Diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer: Of Philadelphia. 1765-1798 (Philadelphia: Wm. F. Fell & Co., 1893).

26. Horace H. Platt and William Lawton, Freemasonry in Roxborough (Philadelphia: Centennial Historical Committee of Roxborough Lodge, no. 135, F. and A.M, 1913).

27. Jeffrey P. Roberts, “Railroads and Downtown: Philadelphia, 1830-1900,” in William W. Cutler III and Howard Gillette Jr., eds., The Divided Metropolis: Social and Spatial Dimensions of Philadelphia, 1800-1975 (Westport, Ct.: Greenwood Press, 1980).

28. Leland M. Roth, A Concise History of American Architecture (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1979).

29. J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott, History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884, vol. 2 (Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co., 1884).

30. Philip Scranton, Proprietary Capitalism: The Textile Manufacture at Philadelphia, 1800­-1885 (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

31. Cynthia J. Shelton, The Mills of Manayunk : Industrialization and Social Conflict in the Philadelphia Region, 1787-1837 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986).

32. Rev. David Spencer, The Early Baptists of Philadelphia (Philadelphia: William Sychelmoore, 1877).

33. Paul A. W. Wallace, Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1965; reprinted, 1998).

This information has been posted by RMWHS with the permission of the Philadelphia Historical Commission.

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